15 Ancient Egyptian Deities and Their Jobs

ANUBIS

It is always fascinating to learn more about ancient Egypt as it represents a true civilization of altogether of horror, mysteries, surprises, politics, war, an Egyptian deity, and what not!

When talking about Egyptian deities, they are not just in some countable amount, they are numerous and each of the Egyptian deities served for a specific reason!

Their history is also mesmerizing people for millions of years because of their surprising elements.

Egypt, a huge land that has been portrayed in both current and ancient history, encompasses diverse mind-blowing facts, many of which are still an enigma.

People believe they know everything in this realm of mystery and secrets since they’ve seen it all!

After all, this is the land where emperors like Tutankhamun and many other richest men of all time rose and shined in their time.

However, After the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt about 3100 BC, the emperor became the supreme leader in terms of ceremonies and religion.

Egyptian deity was thought to symbolize forces of nature, and the Egyptians worshipped them, not wanting to offend them.

So, how did these Egyptian deities manifest themselves? We will know in a bit.

List of Egyptian Deities

Egypt is among the most enormous and diverse divinities of Egyptian deities of any ancient civilization.

Most Egyptian deities had a principle associated with worshiping them, such as the sun or a connection to the underworld or the afterlife.

However, as deities ascended and dropped significantly in prominence and diversified in ways that linked to changes in Egyptian culture, these may change through time.

Let’s get to know some of the major fascinating Egyptian deities and their significance in ancient civilization.

AMUN-RA

AMUN-RA
Image by Flickr

While we are talking about Egyptian deities, it would be nicer if we start with the god who created the universe according to Egypt’s civilization.

Amun-Ra, the Egyptian deity who created the universe.

In Egyptian mythology and legend, Amun-Ra was the powerful god of all.

Ra was the god of the sun & light, who journeyed across the heavens in a blazing chariot every day.

During the New Kingdom, during the 16th and 11th century BCE, the two gods were merged into one and finally become Amun-Ra.

His female partner, Amunet, was known as the Feminine Hidden One, and he was supposed to be the parent of the Pharaohs.

Amun and Mut had a son together whose name was Khonsu, and surprisingly he was also an Egyptian deity of the moon.

Amun-Ra was a famous deity which is why people from all over the globe revered him to this date!

MUT – The Mother of Egyptian Deities

Talking about Egypt’s civilization and not sharing the fact about the Egyptian deity who originated the Nile river would be a sin!

Mut was a heaven goddess and a powerful celestial mother in ancient Egyptian mythology.

Mut’s origins are assumed to be in the Nile River valley or Middle Egypt.

She came to popularity as the partner of the Egyptian deity Amon at Thebes during the 18th dynasty, creating the Theban triad with him and the young god Khons, who was supposed to be Mut’s son.

Mut’s name means “mother,” and her status among the gods was that of an older lady. 

Mut, also referred to as “She who gives birth yet was not birthed of any,” is shown in ancient Egyptian as a vulture.

She is often shown as a cat, snake, calf, or even a lion, and is often combined with another Egyptian deity.

Mut, Khonsu’s parent, and her various affiliations were worshipped by many different pharaohs.

OSIRIS

This Egyptian deity appearance is more like a mummified guy dressed in a white feathered cone-like headpiece!

Well, that’s true… The Egyptians majorly believed in the afterlife and so they believed in the Egyptian deity of the underworld Osiris.

Osiris was the eldest of all children of his parents who also were Egyptian deities of soil (Zeb) and sky (Nut).

Osiris, who was often depicted with green stems, was the Egyptian deity of rebirth and development and was supposed to be accountable for the bountiful floods and flora along the Nile’s bank.

Osiris was assassinated by his sibling Seth after marrying his own sister Isis.

Despite being killed with his own brother, Osiris was resurrected by Isis’s power and was able to have a child.

Horus, the child of Osiris and Isis, avenged his dad’s murder and ascended to become Egypt’s new pharaoh, while Osiris had become the god of death and supported the pharaohs and people in their afterlives.

ANUBIS

Be it Egyptian ancient history or “The Mummy” movie series, this Egyptian deity was visible to the audience in every sphere of it. Little did we know it was actually inspired by the ancient Egyptian Deity of Anubis!

Anubis protected the afterlife before Osiris took control.

Anubis was the son of Ra and Nephthys and was a “psych pomp,” or Egyptian deity who aids in the underworld.

His specialty was doing the mummification of the people’s souls who deseeded recently!

His dark skin represented the black Nile sands that made the region so productive.

Anubis, who had the head of a jackal and the man’s body, was also associated with rebirth and the coloring of dead bodies during resuscitation.

ISIS

ISIS Goddess
Image by Flickr

Isis’ antecedents are indeed a bit of a puzzle.

It might be a little bit shocking to you but this Egyptian deity was not related to one specific locality in Egypt!

She did, however, gain prominence over time, ultimately becoming one of the most powerful Egyptian deities in mythology.

Isis also entitles the perfect characteristics of both as a wife and also as a mother.

That’s because, in mythology, she revived her late husband Osiris and while her husband was dead she raised her child Horus very carefully.

Isis was one of the principal Egyptian deities connected with ceremonies for the deceased, as she was the spouse of the god of the underworld.

She served as a goddess widow alongside her sister Nephthys, and her mother’s care was often shown as reaching to the deceased in the afterlife. 

Isis was one of the last ancient Egyptian deities to be venerated today.

SETH

Destruction, bloodshed, droughts, and catastrophes were all associated with the Egyptian deity, Seth.

He is the assassin of Osiris in the Osiris mythology because, in other legends, he convinces Osiris into lying down in a casket, which he subsequently entirely seals.

Egyptologists have an issue with Seth’s features.

He is frequently represented as a creature or as a man with an animal’s head.

However, they are stumped as to what living creature he is purported to be.

His nose is usually long, and his eardrums are squared at the pointers. He has a slim puppyish body and a straight tail with a spike at the end of his animal.

Many scholars now consider that the Seth creature is a fictional concoction and that no such species ever existed.

RE

The Egyptian Deity Re, along with many other gods associated with the sun, was frequently shown with human skin and a bird’s head.

Every day, he is shown to travel across the heavens on a boat and then make a nighttime journey via the underworld, and he’d have to vanquish the serpent Egyptian deity Apophis in order to strive again.

Heliopolis, today a district of Cairo, was the hub of Re’s religion. Re became reconciled with other gods and goddesses over time, particularly Amon.

THOTH

Thoth, the Egyptian deity of literature and intellect, was sometimes represented as a baboon, a sacred animal ibis, or a human with an ibis’ head.

He was said to be the creator of communication and the Egyptian language, as well as a writer and counselor to the Olympians.

Thoth, as the god of knowledge, was believed to have an understanding of sorcery and mysteries that the other deities lacked.

Thoth is represented as measuring the souls of the deceased and conveying the judgment to Osiris, the god of the underworld, in afterlife scenes depicting the deceased’s verdict after death.

TATENEN

TATENEN
Image by Flickr

In ancient Egyptian civilization, Tatenen was the Egyptian deity of the primeval pyramid.

His given name signifies “risen soil” or “revered earth.”

According to another legend, his name refers to Nile fine sand. Tatenen was associated with formation as a primal mythological Egyptian deity.

He was a unisex defender of nature, of the Memphis area who was both feminine and muscular.

Tatenen embodied the Planet and was birthed as it rose from the abyss of the ocean.

His facets were the deep areas deep into the earth “from all which rises,” specifically crops, veggies, and nutrients, according to Ancient Egyptian religion.

He was symbolized as the origin of “food and viands, spiritual provides, all positive stuff,”   Tatenen’s unclear characterization could be due to his fusion with Ptah.

He was frequently represented in human shape, with blue skin color, a mustache, and either an Atef-crown or, more frequently, a set of ram’s antlers crowned by a sun god and two tall wings.

AM-HEH

This ancient Egyptian deity falls into the minor category of worshipped gods as he is mostly feared by the Egyptians to this day!

The ancient Egyptian deity Am-heh, who symbolizes “the soul eater of multitudes,” was a fearsome deity of the underworld.

He was depicted as a male with a vicious hunter dog’s head. Only Atum was strong enough to resist Am-Heh, who resided on an eternal fire.

Because he received his name as an attribute, he is sometimes considered as a manifestation of Ammit, the deity of divine punishment.

Here is some interesting fact about these two Egyptian deities, they had some weird similarities which include their desire for human flesh! That’s spooky! Hence, Am-heh was dreaded rather than worshipped.

NEHEBKAU

In Ancient Egyptian religion, Nehebkau is the primordial snake deity. Although he was once thought to be an evil entity, he has since evolved into a burial god associated with the underworld.

Nehebkau was one of Ma’at’s forty-two evaluators, and it was thought that he would evaluate the deceased when they died and give their energies ka – the part of the spirit that separated the living from the deceased.

In the end, Nehebkau was considered as a powerful, kind, and protecting divinity.

He is portrayed as a friend of the sun deity Re and a companion of the dead King in late legend.

His name was invoked in mystical rituals for protection because he is so intimately tied with the sun god. Throughout the Middle and New Empires, his event was widely observed.

BAAL

Baal was an Egyptian deity who was revered by numerous ancient Egyptian civilizations, particularly the Canaanites, who regarded him as a reproductive success deity and one of the most significant gods.

“Master” or “God almighty” is the meaning of his name.

Nonetheless, the epithet Baal’s ambiguity did not stop it from being associated with a unique divinity.

As being such, Baal was the eternal deity of reproduction, and his title was King, Lord of the Soil in that respect.

He was also known as the Lord of Rainfall and Mist, two types of hydration that were essential for Canaan’s fruitful land.

He Who Flies on the Clouds was Baal’s title as the thunder god in Ugaritic and Hebrew. He was known as Baal Shamen, Lord of the Afterlife, in Phoenician.

HEKA

HEKA
Image by Flickr

Heka is the Egyptian deity of sorcery and health, as well as the manifestation of magic.

He is undoubtedly the most prominent deity in Ancient Egyptian religion, yet he is often disregarded since his existence was so widespread that Modern scholars in the 19th and 20th centuries CE found him nearly undetectable.

Heka, unlike some well Osiris and Isis, had no shrines, no church, and no ritual devotion.

He was consigned to the sphere of imagination rather than religious faith because he is only addressed in medical journals and mystical spells and mantras.

He was viewed by ancient Egypt as the authority behind the gods whose identities and tales have become associated with Civilization, despite the fact that he is not mentioned by name in the most well-known legends.

PETBE

PETBE
Image by Picryl

Petbe was an Egyptian deity of vengeance who was venerated in the area of Admin in central Cairo.

His name is Sky-Ba, which approximately converts the signal to “Spirit of the Heaven” or “Emotions of the Air.”

Petbe, on the other hand, could be a Babylon deity imported by Levantine migrants, with his name being a perversion of the hybridized word Pet-(Ba’al), which means Master of the Heaven. Petbe was linked to the Demigod Cronus by saints.

AMMIT

Ammit was the Egyptian notion of soul damnation.

The title means “spirit” or “soul eater.” Ammit was also known as the ‘Eater of Souls’ or ‘The Soul eater of the Damned.’

Ammit was said to eat any spirits discovered to have committed wrong.

Or, if Ammit, who was said to be the keeper of a pit of fire, was to be accepted, the soul would be cast into the boiling hell for all eternity.

Ammit resembles a cross between an alligator, a leopard, and a hippopotamus.

Ammit was dreaded rather than worshiped.

She was not worshipped as a divinity, but she was revered as a positive force for vanquishing evil.

Although Ammit is portrayed as a consuming creature, she is actually impartial and only acts on the orders of all the other gods to remove souls who have transgressed against the gods and cast them into darkness.

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