300 Years Old Cyclone and Jupiter’s Great Red Spot

great red spot of jupiter

Jupiter is the most giant planet in our solar system. It is one of the brightest objects we can see from Earth in the night sky.

Our planet earth needs Jupiter for protection. The planet is one of the gas giants in our solar system.

But Jupiter has the most gravitational power than any other planet in this planetary system. For its vast gravity, comets or asteroids ignore the earth for collision. That’s how this giant planet is saving our planet.

The Great Red Spot on Jupiter is one of the most amazing phenomena in this solar system. Scientists have said that it has been a cyclone running for more than 300 years.

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In this article, I’m discussing Jupiter and the Great Red Spot to let you explore more about this giant planet…

About Jupiter

jupiter
Image by Flickr

Jupiter is a super surprising object for scientists from very past history and today. There is not any accurate information about who first invented Jupiter.

History says, In 1610, legendary astronomer Galileo Galilei aimed his telescope at Jupiter and observed that the planet has four moons orbiting it.

The planet is one of the four gas giants in our solar system.

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Naming

According to Roman mythology and religion, Jupiter is the name of the king of Gods. As it is the biggest planet in our solar system, Roman astronomers named it after the king of Gods.

Size

Jupiter is one of the five-planet we can see directly from the earth with our naked eye. In the night sky, the brightest object is the biggest planet we have in our solar system.

The radius of the most giant planet in our solar system is 43440.4 miles or 69911 kilometers. More than 1300 earth together can develop the size of the giant planet.

Think, the earth is a small marble toy and the Jupiter is a basketball.

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Distance

According to NASA, the average distance between Sun and Jupiter is almost 484 million miles or 778 million kilometers.

Our planet earth and Jupiter orbit the sun in the same egg-shaped way. When these two planets have reached the nearest point, the distance between them is around 365 million miles or 588 million kilometers.

Natural Sattelites

Jupiter has so many big and small moons. But four of them are huge which are the main natural satellites orbiting the planet.

According to scientists from NASA, the planet has almost 79 moons. Among them, scientists have named 53 and the rest of 26 are waiting for official names.

The planet itself has a tiny solar system.

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Surface & Atmosphere

Jupiter is fully made of gases and liquids, so it does not have a solid surface. The pressure and temperature of this planet would prevent any kind of spacecraft from landing on it.

The planet is so beautiful because of its vivid colors. But you could just melt in a second whenever you enter the atmosphere of the planet.

The colorful stripes on the planet are clouds that are made of ammonia crystals mostly. But under the clouds, the surface is containing helium and hydrogen gases.

Possibility of Life

Scientists believe that the in-build materials and elements of Jupiter are not creating a friendly environment for any kind of existence of life. So it is confirmed that the planet conducts no life.

The planet has an icy moon named Europa which is considered a potential place to find life. But the research is ongoing, we can not surely say that now.

The Great Red Spot

great red spot

The planets in our solar system were born after the birth of the sun. Jupiter was the first planet born in this planetary system.

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This huge activity was formed almost 465 crore years ago.

Inside the giant planet, there is a storm running for more than 300 years. The storm is running with a huge space of almost 16350 kilometers. That means the storm can engulf the earth so easily.

In 1831, the great red spot was first discovered by astronomers.

After setting up the Hubble Space Telescope, scientists have observed the phenomena so deeply. The storm is oval-shaped and reddish. That’s why

In 2017, spacecraft Juno sent a close shot of the great red spot. The shot shows that the storm of the great red spot is becoming larger consistently.

This is the rarest thing scientists ever discovered in our solar system. They are still observing the great red spot.

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Interesting Facts of jupiter

🡆 After a long time of astronomical observation, scientists say that Jupiter is a failed star. The planet is made of hydrogen and helium which are the vital elements of a star. But to become a star, a fusion reaction is needed in the core of a planetary object that could produce energy and heat. The planet we are talking about has nothing like that but it has the primary elements instead of the main triggering element.

🡆 In our solar system, every planet is spinning. But Jupiter is spinning with the speediest movement. Among all other planets, Jupiter is the most spinning planet.

🡆 You can see different color clouds which are made of ammonia crystals and the clouds are only 50 kilometers thick.

🡆 Jupiter has its own ring system. It’s not mostly visible like Saturn.

🡆 Because of the liquid metallic hydrogen core, Jupiter has the strongest magnetic fields than any other planets we have in our solar system.

🡆 Some of Jupiter’s 79 moons are capable of conducting life. Scientists are still researching it.

🡆 Most of the planets near the sun create aurora. But Jupiter contains the brightest aurora in our solar system.

🡆 There was numerous flyby operated including Pioneer 11, Voyager 1, Space Probe Ulysses, Galileo, Cassini, New Horizons.

🡆 Jupiter has huge gravitational power. That’s why many planets including earth have been saved from asteroid hits.

🡆 You can see Jupiter with your naked eye. The brightest object you can see in the sky full of stars is the most giant planet in our solar system.

Source – NASA, Wikipedia, Universetoday

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